The structure of negative sentences

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The structure of negative sentences

Negative sentences using nadie (no-one), ninguno/a (none) and nada (nothing) are constructed like this:

  • Nadie, ninguno/a, nada + verb. In this case, the negative word is the subject and the verb is always the 3rd person singular.

Nadie vino a la fiesta.

Nobody came to the party.

Ninguna quiere hablar conmigo.

None of them want to talk to me.

Nada es lo que parece.

Nothing is what it seems.

  • (Subject) + no + nadie, ninguno/a, nada when there is another subject in the sentence.

No he visto a nadie.

I haven't seen anyone.

Andrea no conoce a ninguna persona.

Andrea doesn't know anyone.

No hay ningún niño en el parque.

There isn't any child in the park.

¿Tú no desayunas nada?

You don't eat any breakfast at all?

Negative sentences with nunca (never), jamás (ever) and tampoco (neither) can be used with no in order to add emphasis.

Nunca he ido a Quito. No he ido nunca a Quito.

I have never been to Quito. I have never, ever been to Quito.

Jamás cantaron en público. No cantaron jamás en público.

They never sang in public. They never, ever sang in public.

tampoco tienes dinero. no tienes dinero tampoco.

You do not have any money either. Nor do you have any money either.

Note: When we use a negative subject, we can also use a negative object.

Ninguno quiere decir nada.

None of us want to say anything.

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