Irregular past participles of verbs ending in -vere

Many verbs ending in -vere have irregular past particples. Here are some of the main ones:

  • Risolvere (to solve): risolto (solved)
  • Avvolgere (to wrap up): avvolto (wrapped up)
  • Assolvere: assolto
  • Scrivere (to write): scritto (written)
  • Muovere (to move): mosso (moved)
  • Vivere (to live): vissuto (lived)
  • Devolvere: devoluto

These irregular participles are used in the same way as regular past participles.

Luca ha risolto tutto il problema.

Luca has solved the whole problem.

Hanno scritto una lettera di scuse.

They have written a letter of apology.

Hai mai vissuto in Italia?

Have you ever lived in Italy?

All derivatives of these verbs are also conjugated the same way, such as circoscrivere (to confine, to contain) → circoscritto (confined, contained); commuovere (to move, in the emotional sense)→ commosso (moved); convivere (to coexist)→ convissuto (coexisted).

I pompieri hanno circoscritto l'incendio.

The firefighters contained the fire.

Marcello si è commosso, vedendo il film.

Marcello was moved by seeing the movie.

Hanno convissuto per vent'anni.

They coexisted/lived together for twenty years.

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