Possessive adjectives

Possessive adjectives (my, your, etc.) are used to indicate possession and are followed by a noun.

Il mio libro è bello.

My book is beautiful.

I miei amici sono simpatici.

My friends are nice.

ioil mio librola mia rivistai miei librile mie riviste
tuil tuo lavorola tua casai tuoi lavorile tue case
lui/lei/Leiil suo canela sua scarpai suoi canile sue scarpe
noiil nostro amicola nostra amicai nostri amicile nostre amiche
voiil vostro dottorela vostra dottoressai vostri dottorile vostre dottoresse
loroil loro orologiola loro svegliai loro orologile loro sveglie

We need to use the corresponding article (il, la, etc.) before the possessive adjective, unless we are talking about family members, for which we only use the article in certain cases.

La mia casa è grande.

My house is big (literally “The my house”).

I tuoi appunti sono interessanti.

Your points are interesting (literally “The your points”).

We can also put the possessive adjective (without the article) after the noun to emphasize whom something belongs to.

Errore mio!

My fault! My mistake!

A casa mia.

At my house.

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