Talking about the weather

We use impersonal structures to ask or talk about the weather:

Che tempo fa?

How is the weather? (literally, “What weather is it doing?”)

  • Fa (it is, literally “it is doing”) from the verb fare fare, presente with a word that refers to the temperature or the clarity of the sky:

Fa caldo.

It is hot (literally, “it is doing hot”).

Fa brutto.

It is bad (literally, “it is doing bad”).

  • C'è (there is), from the verb esserci esserci, presente with a noun which refers to a feature of the weather.

C'è il sole.

It is sunny (literally, “there is the sun”).

C'è la nebbia.

It is foggy (literally, “there is the fog”).

C'è vento.

It is windy (literally, “there is wind”).

  • A verb in the impersonal form:


It is raining.


It is snowing.

  • The verb essere (to be) essere, presente + adjective:

È nuvoloso. 

It is cloudy.

È piovoso. 

It is rainy.

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