The verbs essere and avere in the passato remoto (past historic tense)

Reminder: we use the passato remoto (past historic tense) to talk about actions that both began and ended in the distant past.

Mangiai una vera pizza napoletana per l’ultima volta nel 2010. mangiare, passato remoto

I ate a real Neapolitan pizza for the last time in 2010.

L’esercito resistette all’attacco. resistere, passato remoto

The army resisted the attack.

The verbs essere (to be) and avere (to have) are both irregular. They are formed as follows:

Io fui
Tu fosti
Lui/lei fu
Noi fummo
Voi foste
Loro furono
Io ebbi
Tu avesti
Lui/lei ebbe
Noi avemmo
Voi aveste
Loro ebbero

Nel 2000 Mario ebbe la possibilità di diventare sindaco.

In 2000 Mario had the opportunity to become mayor.

Noi fummo sorpresi da una tempesta durante il safari.

We were caught out by a storm during the safari.

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