Accusative/dative prepositions

There are 9 prepositions that can be used with the accusative Akk.-Endungen or the dative Dat.-Endungen: auf (on/onto), unter (under), über (over), neben (next to), an (by), zwischen (between), in (in/into), hinter (behind) and vor (in front).

Caroline ist in der Küche.

Caroline is in the kitchen (dative).

Caroline bringt die Lebensmittel in die Küche.

Caroline brings the food into the kitchen (accusative).

  • When talking about direction or movement, we use the accusative. Akkusativ

Ich gehe in die Stadt.

I'm going into town.

Sigi legt das Handy auf die Rezeption.

Sigi places the mobile phone onto the reception desk.

Hier ist ein Stuhl. Setze dich auf ihn.

Here's a chair. Sit down on it.

  • When talking about location or position, we use the dative. Dativ

Die Tasse ist auf dem Tisch.

The cup is on the table.

Das Hotelpersonal ist im Pool.

The hotel staff are in the pool.

Das Flugzeug ist über den Wolken.

The plane is above the clouds.

Note: nouns that do not end in ‑n take the ending ‑n in the dative plural:

der Tisch → die Tische → auf den Tischen (Dativ)

the table → the tables → on the tables

das Buch → die Bücher → zwischen den Büchern (Dativ)

the book → the books → between the books

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