Du vs. Sie
Understanding grammar is key to understanding a language.
German grammar tips with Wunderbla, online German lessons.
Du vs. Sie
Du (singular) and ihr (plural) are used for informal relationships: family, friends, children and people of the same age.
Hallo Anna, was machst du?
Hi Anna, what are you doing?
Tim, du sollst nicht so laut sprechen!
Tim, you shouldn’t talk so loud!
Hallo Kinder, habt ihr Hunger?
Hello children, are you hungry?
Sie (singular or plural) is used for formal relationships: strangers, older people, professional relationships.
Liebe Gäste, wir verstehen Sie.
Dear guests, we understand you.
Frau Brandenbutt, wie alt sind Sie?
Mrs. Brandenbutt, how old are you?
Darf ich Sie duzen?
May I say ‘du’ to you?
- We write du with a lower-case d, but Sie (polite) is written with a capital S!
- Using du to someone is known as duzen. Saying Sie is called siezen.
Take your learning further
Still facing difficulties with 'Du vs. Sie'? Improve your German with Wunderbla - try our German lessons for free now and receive a free level assessment!
Do you know any tips to avoid making mistakes with 'Du vs. Sie'? Share it with us!
Improve your German further and test Wunderbla, online German lessons.