Endings added to comparative adjectives in German

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Endings added to comparative adjectives

Reminder: the comparative is formed by adding the ending ‑er to an adjective.

Ich bin kleiner als du. (klein → kleiner)

I am shorter than you.

If a comparative adjective comes before a noun, it must take an ending, just as other adjectives do. We add the following endings after the ‑er:

  • After der, die, das, etc. we add ‑e or ‑en as specified in this table: Adjektivdeklination 1.

der schöne Garten → der schönere Garten

the beautiful garden → the more beautiful garden

die große Tasche → die größere Tasche

the big bag → the bigger bag

  • After ein, eine etc. we add the endings shown in this table: Adjektivdeklination 2. In most cases, the endings are the same as the ending of the corresponding definite article (der, die, das, etc.).

der: ein schöner Abend → ein schönerer Abend

a beautiful evening → a more beautiful evening (masculine)

das: ein schnelles Auto → ein schnelleres Auto

a fast car → a faster car (neuter)

die: eine nette Ärztin → eine nettere Ärztin

a nice doctor → a nicer doctor (feminine)

  • If there is no article, we add the ending which you would normally find at the end of the definite article (der, die, das): Adjektivdeklination 3.

die Neuigkeiten: große Neuigkeiten → größere Neuigkeiten

big new features → bigger new features (plural)

dem Regen: bei starkem Regen → bei stärkerem Regen

during heavy rain → during heavier rain (masculine, dative)



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