The comparative

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The comparative

In German, we form the comparative by adding an ‑er ending to the adjective. The adjective is followed by als (than).

Ich bin kleiner als du. (klein kleiner)

I am smaller than you.

Wir schreien lauter als ihr. (laut lauter)

We shout louder than you.

Lots of adjectives containing the vowels a, o, or u take an umlaut in the comparative:

groß größer

big bigger

kalt kälter

cold colder

jung jünger

young younger

Some adjectives have irregular comparatives:

gern lieber

gladly preferably

gut besser

good better

hoch höher

high higher

viel mehr

a lot more

teuer teurer

expensive more expensive

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