In German, we form the comparative by adding an ‑er ending to the adjective. The adjective is followed by als (than).
Ich bin kleiner als du. (klein → kleiner)
I am smaller than you.
Wir schreien lauter als ihr. (laut → lauter)
We shout louder than you.
Lots of adjectives containing the vowels a, o, or u take an umlaut in the comparative:
groß → größer
big → bigger
kalt → kälter
cold → colder
jung → jünger
young → younger
Some adjectives have irregular comparatives:
gern → lieber
gladly → preferably
gut → besser
good → better
hoch → höher
high → higher
viel → mehr
a lot → more
teuer → teurer
expensive → more expensive
dunkel → dunkler
dark → darker
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