The comparative

In German, we form the comparative by adding an ‑er ending to the adjective. The adjective is followed by als (than).

Ich bin kleiner als du. (klein → kleiner)

I am smaller than you.

Wir schreien lauter als ihr. (laut → lauter)

We shout louder than you.

Lots of adjectives containing the vowels a, o, or u take an umlaut in the comparative:

groß → größer

big → bigger

kalt → kälter

cold → colder

jung → jünger

young → younger

Some adjectives have irregular comparatives:

gern → lieber

gladly → preferably

gut → besser

good → better

hoch → höher

high → higher

viel → mehr

a lot → more

teuer → teurer

expensive → more expensive

dunkel → dunkler

dark → darker

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