The definite article in the dative case

Understanding grammar is key to understanding a language.
German grammar tips with Wunderbla, online German lessons.

The definite article in the dative case

Reminder: we use the definite article (equivalent to “the” in English) to refer to something specific: a person or thing whose identity is already known.

Sigi hilft dem Gast.

Sigi is helping the guest.

Here are the endings for the definite article in the dative: Dativ

ArtikelNomen
maskulin DEM dem Mann
feminin DER der Frau
neutrum DEM dem Haus
plural DEN den Männern, den Frauen, den Häusern

Rüdiger gibt dem Mann die Hand.

Rüdiger offers the man a handshake.

Caroline spricht mit der Kundin.

Caroline is talking with the customer.

Ich helfe dem Kind.

I help the child.

Note: masculine plural and neuter plural nouns take an extra ‑n in the dative (feminine plural nouns generally end in ‑n already):

Ich erkläre den Männern den Weg zum Flughafen.

I explain to the men how to get to the airport (masculine plural).

Ich gebe den Kindern Schokolade.

I give the children chocolate (neuter plural).


Taking your learning further

Still facing difficulties with 'The definite article in the dative case'? Improve your German with Wunderbla - try our German lessons for free now and receive a free level assessment!

Do you know any tips to avoid making mistakes with 'The definite article in the dative case'? Share it with us!

Improve your German further and test Wunderbla, online German lessons.