The passive: werden or sein?

Understanding grammar is key to understanding a language.
German grammar tips with Wunderbla, online German lessons.

TEST YOUR GERMAN
Free with no obligation to buy.

The passive: werden or sein?

There are two ways to use the passive voice in German:

  • werden (to become) + past participle: emphasises the action (=process)

Der Flug wird heute gebucht.

The flight is being booked today.

Wir werden von euch beleidigt.

We are being insulted by you.

  • sein (to be) + past participle: emphasizes the result (=state)

Der Flug ist gebucht.

The flight is booked.

Wir sind jetzt beleidigt.

We are now insulted.

Note that we can only indicate who carried out the action in passive sentences using werden.

Das Bild wurde von Gustav Klimt gemalt.

The picture was painted by Gustav Klimt.

Der Flug wird von Anna gebucht. 

The flight is being booked by Anna.

Note: the passive can be formed with werden or sein in all tenses.

Das Hotel wird dieses Jahr renoviert werden. werden, Futur 1

The hotel will be renovated this year.

Das Hotel wird im Dezember renoviert sein. sein, Futur 1

The hotel will be renovated in December.

Die Karte wurde von Tim geschrieben.werden, Präteritum

The card was written by Tim.



Still facing difficulties with 'The passive: werden or sein?'? Improve your German with Wunderbla - try our German lessons for free now and receive a free level assessment!



What our users say:

Pleasure

         

I enjoy doing my online language courses online. Only ten minutes daily are enough...Thank you!

Progress

         

Gymglish has allowed me to improve my oral and written expression. A daily routine I wouldn't miss for anything in the world!

Unique

         

Your method is unique! Your courses have helped me to progress and gain confidence during my travels.

Innovative

         

I love your innovative method which allows me to learn a new language and have fun at the same time!

More testimonials.


Improve your German further and test Wunderbla, online German lessons.

Do you know any tips to avoid making mistakes with 'The passive: werden or sein?'? Share it with us!


HTML Comment Box is loading comments...