The past perfect tense
When talking about the past, we use the past perfect (or “pluperfect”) tense to refer to a past event which happened before another past event.
Als Tim nach Hause kam, hatte Anna schon lange auf ihn gewartet.
When Tim got home, Anna had already waited for him for a long time.
The past perfect is formed using: sein or haben in the simple past tense + past participle of the main verb:
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