Verbs which take the dative

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Verbs which take the dative

Some verbs are followed by the dative or accusative case, or both. The verb determines which case is used.

Ein Lehrer: Ich helfe + ein Lehrer. → Ich helfe einem Lehrer.

A teacher: I'm helping + a teacher. → I’m helping a teacher.

The following verbs are always used with the dative case: sagen (“to say” - when introducing the person spoken to), helfen (to help), gefallen (to like, to please), gehören (to belong), schmecken (to taste), danken (to thank), antworten (to reply to), glauben (to believe).

Maria glaubt dem Kind.

Maria believes the child.

Ich frage nach der Adresse.

I ask for the address.

Ich antworte dir später.

I'll reply to you later.

Ich sage niemandem, was ich mache.

I'm not telling anyone what I'm doing.

These are the endings for articles in the dative case (the symbol ∅ indicates that no ending is added):

Nominativ Dativ
maskulin em
neutrum em
feminin e er
Plural e en

Anna antwortet einem Gast, einer Freundin, einem Mädchen.

Anna replies to a guest, a (female) friend, a girl.

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