Verbs which take the dative

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Verbs which take the dative

Some verbs are followed by the dative or accusative case, or both. The verb determines which case is used.

Ein Lehrer: Ich helfe + ein Lehrer. Ich helfe einem Lehrer.

A teacher: I'm helping + a teacher. I’m helping a teacher.

The following verbs are always used with the dative case: helfen (to help), gefallen (to like, to please), gehören (to belong), schmecken (to taste), danken (to thank), antworten (to reply to), glauben (to believe).

Maria glaubt dem Kind.

Maria believes the child.

Ich helfe der Frau.

I'm helping the woman.

Ich antworte dir später.

I'll reply to you later.

These are the endings for articles in the dative case (the symbol ∅ indicates that no ending is added):

Nominativ Dativ
maskulin em
neutrum em
feminin e er
Plural e en

Anna antwortet einem Gast, einer Freundin, einem Mädchen.

Anna replies to a guest, a (female) friend, a girl.

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