Le passé simple : les verbes qui se terminent en -ir et -re
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Le passé simple : les verbes qui se terminent en -ir et -reReminder: the passé simple is almost exclusively used in formal and literary French for describing specific or completed past actions.
Nous nous vîmes trois mille en arrivant au port. »
We set out as five hundred, but with swift support,
We grew (literally ‘we saw ourselves’) to three thousand as we reached the port.
(Le Cid, Corneille)
In the passé simple verbs ending in -IR (finir to finish, sortir to go out, etc.) and most verbs ending in -RE (prendre to take, faire to do/to make, dire to say) are conjugated as follows: -is, -is, -it, -îmes, -îtes, -irent.
Note: Some verbs ending in -IR or -RE are irregular. These are the most common ones:
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