Partitive articles (some/any) in French

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Partitive articles (some/any)

There are four types of partitive article in French, du, de la, de l’, and des, used to specify unknown quantities. These correspond to ‘some’ or ‘any’, which are often omitted in English. Choosing which one to use depends on the gender, number and first letter of the noun that follows.
- Qu’est-ce que vous voulez manger ? - Du poulet et de la salade.
-What do you want to eat? -(Some) chicken and (some) salad please.
Aujourd’hui, il y a de la pluie et du soleil.
Today, there is some rain, and some sun.
Noun
Article

DU
Vous voulez du café ? Do you want some coffee?

DE LA
Tu peux acheter de la viande ? Can you buy some meat?

Term starting with a vowel
or a silent h
DE L’
Tu as de l’huile d’olive ? Do you have some olive oil?

DES
Vous voulez des légumes ? Do you want some vegetables?
Note: In the negative form, we replace du, de la, des by de (or d’).
Je ne veux pas de café. I don’t want any coffee.
Nous ne voulons pas de légumes. We don’t want any vegetables.


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