The verbs être and avoir in the present tense in French

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The verbs être and avoir in the present tense

Être means ‘to be’. We commonly use it to give our nationality and profession, or to describe people and things.

être en
Je suis
Tu es
Il est/elle est
Nous sommes
Vous êtes
Ils sont/elles sont
« Il est trop petit. »
He is too small
Avoir means ‘to have’. We use it to say our age (unlike English which uses the verb ‘to be’), or talk about things in our possession.

avoir en
J’ai
Tu as
Il a/elle a
Nous avons
Vous avez
Ils ont/elles ont

« Il a une très jolie barbe »
He has a very nice beard
Examples:
Victor Hugo est Français et il est écrivain. Victor Hugo is French and he is a writer.
Il a 210 ans et il a un livre dans la main. He is 210 years old and he has a book in his hand.

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