Bajo, debajo or abajo?

Bajo, debajo and abajo are used to indicate that something or someone is in a lower position or place.

Bailo bajo la lluvia.

I dance under the rain.

Los zapatos están debajo de mi cama.

The shoes are under(neath) my bed.

Los baños están abajo.

The bathrooms are below.

To indicate a lower position than something:

  • Bajo + article (el, la, un, una.../the, a, an)

Te espero bajo el árbol.

I'll wait for you under the tree.

Hay un móvil bajo la silla.

There's a cellphone under the chair.

  • Debajo + de + article (el, la, un, una.../the, a, an)

El gato está debajo de la mesa.

The cat is under the table.

Voy a hacer la siesta debajo del árbol.

I'm going to take a nap under the tree.

To indicate any place on a lower level, without specifying which:

  • Abajo

Estoy abajo. 

I'm below, I'm downstairs.

Mira hacia abajo.

Look down.

Note: Bajo is also an adjective meaning “low” or “short”, the opposite of alto (high, tall). Like all adjectives, it agrees in gender and number.

Ella es la más baja de la familia.

She is the shortest in the family.

Es la temporada de precios bajos.

It's the season for low prices.

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