Gender: feminine or masculine

In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine.

El perro, la perra, el color, la nariz, el dolor, la bondad, la duda.

The dog, the female dog (bitch), the color, the nose, the pain, the goodness, the doubt.

Most nouns are masculine if they end in:

  • -o:

el piano, el libro, el apellido

the piano, the book, the surname

  • -ema

el sistema, el problema, el dilema

the system, the problem, the dilemma

  • -aje

el viaje, el pasaje, el garaje

the trip, the passage, the garage

  • -n

el tren, el pan, el and茅n

the train, the bread, the platform

  • -r:

el error, el favor, el calor

the error, the favor, the heat

Most nouns are feminine if they end in:

  • -a:

la casa, la pintura, la cuenta

the house, the painting, the bill

  • -i贸n

la canci贸n, la naci贸n, la civilizaci贸n

the song, the nation, the civilization

  • -d

la solidaridad, la amistad, la sociedad

the solidarity, the friendship, the society

Note: these are some exceptions:

El clima, el idioma, el planeta, el sof谩, el d铆a.

The climate, the language, the planet, the sofa, the day.

La flor, la mano, la foto(graf铆a), la moto(cicleta).

The flower, the hand, the photo(graph), the (motor)bike

Still facing difficulties with 'Gender: feminine or masculine'? Learn and enhance your Spanish grammar through our online Spanish course. Start with a free test and improve today!

What our users say:



I enjoy doing my online Spanish lessons. Only ten minutes daily are enough...Thank you!



I love your innovative method which allows me to learn a new language and have fun at the same time!



Your method is unique! Your courses have helped me to progress and gain confidence during my travels.



Gymglish has allowed me to improve my Spanish. A daily routine I wouldn't miss for anything in the world!

More testimonials.

Improve your Spanish further and test Hotel Borboll贸n, online Spanish lessons.