Gender: feminine or masculine

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Gender: feminine or masculine

In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine.

El perro, la perra, el poema, la estación, el vendaje, la bondad, el almacén.

The dog, the bitch, the poem, the station, the bandage, the goodness, the warehouse.

Most nouns are masculine if they end in:

  • -o:

el piano, el libro, el apellido

the piano, the book, the surname

  • -ema

el sistema, el problema, el dilema

the system, the problem, the dilemma

  • -aje

el viaje, el pasaje, el garaje

the trip, the passage, the garage

  • -n

el tren, el pan, el andén

the train, the bread, the platform

Most nouns are feminine if they end in:

  • -a:

la casa, la pintura, la cuenta

the house, the painting, the bill

  • -ión

la canción, la nación, la civilización

the song, the nation, the civilization

  • -d

la solidaridad, la amistad, la sociedad

the solidarity, the friendship, the society

Note: these are the main exceptions:

El clima, el idioma, el planeta, el sofá, el día.

The climate, the language, the planet, the sofa, the day.

La flor, la radio, la mano, la foto(grafía), la moto(cicleta).

The flower, the radio, the photo(graph), the (motor)bike

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