Gender: feminine or masculine

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Gender: feminine or masculine

In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine.

El perro, la perra, el color, la nariz, el dolor, la bondad, la duda.

The dog, the female dog (bitch), the color, the nose, the pain, the goodness, the doubt.

Most nouns are masculine if they end in:

  • -o:

el piano, el libro, el apellido

the piano, the book, the surname

  • -ema

el sistema, el problema, el dilema

the system, the problem, the dilemma

  • -aje

el viaje, el pasaje, el garaje

the trip, the passage, the garage

  • -n

el tren, el pan, el and茅n

the train, the bread, the platform

  • -r:

el error, el favor, el calor

the error, the favor, the heat

Most nouns are feminine if they end in:

  • -a:

la casa, la pintura, la cuenta

the house, the painting, the bill

  • -i贸n

la canci贸n, la naci贸n, la civilizaci贸n

the song, the nation, the civilization

  • -d

la solidaridad, la amistad, la sociedad

the solidarity, the friendship, the society

Note: these are some exceptions:

El clima, el idioma, el planeta, el sof谩, el d铆a.

The climate, the language, the planet, the sofa, the day.

La flor, la mano, la foto(graf铆a), la moto(cicleta).

The flower, the hand, the photo(graph), the (motor)bike

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