¿Gran or grande? Adjectives that change before a noun

Some adjectives change when they are placed before a noun.

Un contable malo un mal contable.

A bad accountant.

Grande (big, large; great) changes to gran, and cualquiera (any) to cualquier in front of masculine or feminine nouns.

Un gran hombre, una gran mujer.

A great man, a great woman.

Cualquier mujer, cualquier hombre.

Any man, any woman.

Bueno (good), malo (bad), alguno (some; any), ninguno (no, none), primero (first) and tercero (third) lose their o before masculine nouns.

Una buena amiga Un buen amigo.

A good (female) friend → A good (male) friend.

La tercera puerta → El tercer piso.

The third door The third floor.


  • Ningún and algún also acquire an accent.

Alguna mujer Algún hombre.

Some/Any woman →Some/Any man.

Ninguna casa → Ningún coche.

No/Not one house No/Not one car.


  • Bueno, malo and grande generally change meaning depending on whether they go before or after the noun.

Una gran persona (una persona con grandes cualidades). 

A great person (possessing great qualities).

Una persona grande (una persona alta y corpulenta).

A large person (tall, heavily built).

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