Superlatives express a characteristic to a very high or maximum degree.

Ana es guapísima.

Ana is absolutely stunning.

Ana es muy guapa.

Ana is very pretty.

There are two types of superlatives: 
Absolute superlatives - They don't make comparisons, but express a superlative quality. They can be formed in two ways:  

  • Muy + adjective

Nacho es muy alto.

Nacho is very tall.

  • By adding the ísimo/ísima ending to the adjective

Nacho es altísimo.

Nacho is very tall.

Relative superlatives - They establish a comparison with another person or thing. The structures are:

  • (el/la/los/las) + (noun) + más/menos + adjective + de

Hoy es el día más feliz de mi vida. 

Today is the happiest day of my life.

Nacho era el menos listo de la clase.

Nacho was the least smart (student) in class.

  • el/la/los/las + noun + que más/menos + conjugated verb

Magda es la persona que más habla con Ana.

Magda is the person who speaks most with Ana.

La Navidad es la época que menos le gusta a Betty.

Christmas is the time of year that Betty likes least.

  • (uno/una) + de los/las + noun + más/menos + adjective

El Museo del Prado es uno de los museos más conocidos.

The Prado Museum is one of the most famous museums.

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