Talking about the weather

To ask about and talk about the weather, we use 'impersonal' sentences:

¿Qué tiempo hace?

What’s the weather like?

  • Hace (from the verb hacer [to make, to do] hacer, presente) + noun:

Hace calor.

It’s hot.

Hace sol.

It’s sunny.

Hace frío.

It’s cold.

Hace viento.

It’s windy.

  • Hay (from the verb haber haber, presente) + noun:

Hay sol.

It’s sunny (lit. There is sun).

Hay niebla.

It’s foggy (lit. There is fog).

Hay viento.

It's windy (lit. There is wind).

  • Está (from the verb estar [to be] estar, presente) + adjective:

Está nublado.

It's cloudy.

Está soleado.

It's sunny.

  • Impersonal verbs:

Llueve (de llover llover, presente)

It’s raining, from the verb llover (to rain).

Nieva (de nevar nevar, presente)

It’s snowing, from the verb nevar (to snow).

Hace sol en Madrid.

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