The past participle of regular verbs


  • Verbs ending in -ar in infinitive: -ado

Soñar → Soñado

to dream → dreamed/dreamt

  • Verbs ending in -er and in -ir in infinitive: -ido

Beber → Bebido

to drink → drunk

Vivir → Vivido

to live → lived


  • As an adjective, the past participle must agree with the noun in terms of gender and number.

Mis amigos están indignados.

My friends are outraged.

Hay unas jirafas dormidas en mi jardín.

There are giraffes asleep in my garden.

  • The past participle is used with the auxiliary verb haber (to have), to form some compound tenses.

Hemos preparado una fiesta sorpresa (pretérito perfecto preparar, pret. perf.).

We have planned a surprise party (present perfect or pretérito perfecto).

El tren había salido cuando llegamos (pretérito pluscuamperfecto salir, pret. pluscuamperfecto).

The train had left when we arrived (past perfect or pretérito pluscuamperfecto).

Mañana habré solucionado el problema (futuro perfecto solucionar, futuro perf.).

Tomorrow I will have solved the problem (future perfect or futuro perfecto).

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