The past perfect subjunctive

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The past perfect subjunctive

The past perfect subjunctive follows the structure haber in the imperfect subjunctive + past participle of the main verb (e.g. acabado, tenido, salido…/finished, had, left…).

Me hubiera gustado mucho ir a tu fiesta.

I would have really liked to go to your party.

Me hubiese gustado mucho ir a tu fiesta.

I would have really liked to go to your party.

It is used mainly to:

  • hypothesise about a past that didn't happen.

Te hubiese invitado a comer, pero no tenía dinero.

I would have invited you out to eat, but I didn't have any money.

  • Express an unreal condition or one that can't be fulfilled.

Si hubiéramos tenido tiempo, habríamos ido a verte.

If we'd had time, we would have gone to see you.

Note: the verb haber has two forms in the imperfect subjunctive. The form ending-ra is a little more common.


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