The present perfect tense

The present perfect is formed with: present tense of the verb haber (to have) + past participle of the main verb.

Cantar en
Yo he cantado
has cantado
Él/ella/usted ha cantado
Nosotros/as hemos cantado
Vosotros/as habéis cantado
Ellos/ellas/ustedes han cantado

It's used to:

  • Talk about that started in the past and continue into the present time:

Hoy he hecho un examen.

Today I have taken an exam.

Este año he ido a la playa de vacaciones.

This year I've been to the beach on vacation.

  • Refer to the recent past or actions that occurred recently:

He aprendido a tocar la guitarra hace poco.

I learned to play the guitar not long ago.

  • Express past actions we don't yet know are over:

He sido muy feliz contigo.

I've been very happy with you.

He tenido muchos problemas en el trabajo.

I've had a lot of trouble at work.

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