The verb estar in the present tense in Spanish

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The verb estar in the present tense

Estar (to be) is an irregular verb:

Yo estoy
T煤 est谩s
脡l/ella/usted est
Nosotros/as estamos
Vosotros/as est谩is
Ellos/ellas/ustedes est谩n

We use it:

  • To say where people, things, or places are located:

Estamos en Buenos Aires. El Hotel Borboll贸n est谩 en el centro de Madrid.

We are in Buenos Aires. The Borboll贸n Hotel is in downtown Madrid.

  • To describe physical states, positions, and moods:

Magda est谩 triste por la muerte de Beatriz.

Magda is sad over Beatriz鈥檚 death.

Ellos est谩n sentados.

They are seated.

  • Always in front of bien (good, ok) or mal (bad, not ok):

鈥斅緾贸mo est谩s? 鈥Estoy mal, tengo resaca.

-How are you? -I鈥檓 not ok. I鈥檓 hungover.

Note: Spanish uses 2 different verbs ser and estar which correspond to the English verb "to be". The verb ser is generally used to identify oneself or others, to describe things, and indicate when something is happening.

Soy Carolina.

I am Carolina.

La ciudad es grande.

The city is big.

La reuni贸n es ma帽ana.

The meeting is tomorrow.

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