The verb ser in the simple present

Ser (to be) is an irregular verb:

Ser en
Yo soy
Él/ella/usted es
Nosotros/as somos
Vosotros/as sois
Ellos/ellas/ustedes son

We use it mainly to identify and describe someone (their nationality, profession, religion, etc.), and to express permanent characteristics or qualities.

Yo soy Ana y él es Teo, somos españoles.

I am Ana, and he is Teo; we are Spanish.

La piscina del hotel es pequeña.

The hotel pool is small.

Note: Spanish uses two different verbs, ser and estar, for "to be". Estar is used to indicate location, moods, and physical states or positions.

Estoy en Costa Rica.

I am in Costa Rica.

Ellos están contentos.

They are happy.

Ella está acostada.

She is lying down

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