Using personal pronouns

In general, personal pronouns are not used in Spanish because the verb endings usually tell you who the subject is:

—¿Vienes a cenar mañana? —Sí, claro que vengo.

-Are you coming to dinner tomorrow? -Yes, of course I’m coming.

They are, however, used in the following situations:

  • When there are multiple subjects, which can lead to some confusion:

Ustedes son chilenos y ellos son mexicanos.

You are Chilean, and they are Mexican.

  • To emphasize or direct attention to the subject:

tienes la culpa.

You are to blame

  • In questions or answers that seek to identify a subject:

—¿Quién está ahí? —Soy yo.

-Who’s there? -It’s me.

  • In comparisons, after que:

Carolina es más alta que yo.

Carolina is taller than me.

  • In front of mismo (to form reflexive pronouns like “myself”, “yourself”, etc), también (too/also), tampoco (neither/either):

A ella también le gusta viajar.

She likes to travel, too.

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