Using personal pronouns
In general, personal pronouns are not used in Spanish because the verb endings usually tell you who the subject is:
—¿Vienes a cenar mañana? —Sí, claro que vengo.
-Are you coming to dinner tomorrow? -Yes, of course I’m coming.
They are, however, used in the following situations:
- When there are multiple subjects, which can lead to some confusion:
Ustedes son chilenos y ellos son mexicanos.
You are Chilean, and they are Mexican.
- To emphasize or direct attention to the subject:
Tú tienes la culpa.
You are to blame
- In questions or answers that seek to identify a subject:
—¿Quién está ahí? —Soy yo.
-Who’s there? -It’s me.
- In comparisons, after que:
Carolina es más alta que yo.
Carolina is taller than me.
- In front of mismo (to form reflexive pronouns like “myself”, “yourself”, etc), también (too/also), tampoco (neither/either):
A ella también le gusta viajar.
She likes to travel, too.
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