Using the present subjunctive

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Using the present subjunctive

We use the present subjunctive:

  • To express wishes or feelings:

Ojalá viva cien años vivir, subj. presente.

I hope she lives for a hundred years.

Me gusta que estés contento estar, subj. presente.

I like that you're happy.

  • To express doubt or probability:

Quizás mañana sea demasiado tarde ser, subj. presente.

Maybe tomorrow is too late.

Dudo que Ana llegue tarde llegar, subj. presente.

I doubt that Ana will be late.

  • After expressions like es bueno / malo / sano que (it's good/bad/healthy that...)

Es bueno que comas fruta comer, subj. presente.

It's good that you eat fruit.

No es bueno que duermas tanto dormir, subj. presente.

It's not good that you sleep so much.

  • After certain verbs of opinion in their negative forms like creer (to believe), parecer (to appear) and pensar (to think):

No creo que lea este libro leer, subj. presente.

I don't think he'll read this book.

No pienso que vayan a la playa ir, subj. presente.

I don't think they are going to the beach.

No me parece bien que trabajen tan tarde trabajar, subj. presente.

I don't think it's right that they work so late.

  • To express an order, instruction, suggestion or something that is forbidden in a negative sentence:

¡No habléis tan alto! hablar, subj. presente

Don't speak so loudly!

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