Infinitives used with zu

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Infinitives used with zu

If there are two verbs in a sentence, the second verb appears in the infinitive after the word zu (to): 
subject + conjugated verb + (supplementary information) + zu + verb in the infinitive.

Wir versuchen zu singen.

We are trying to sing.

Ihr vergesst ständig, den Müll zu trennen.

You always forget to sort the garbage.

Wir haben Lust zu essen.

We are in the mood to eat.

With separable verbs like aufhören (to stop) or vorschlagen (to suggest), the zu is added in the middle of the verb: prefix + zu + verb stem.

Wir planen wegzufahren.

We are planning to go away.

Ich bitte Sie, mit dem Lärm aufzuhören.

I have to ask you to stop making noise.

Exception 1: after a modal verb (dürfen, können, mögen, müssen, sollen, wollen), the following verb is not preceded by zu (to).

Ihr dürft morgen Abend mitkommen.

You may come along tomorrow evening.

Wir möchten losfahren.

We would like to set off.

Exception 2: After the verbs bleiben (to stay) and lassen (to leave), the following verb is not preceded by zu (to).

Wir bleiben sitzen.

We stay sitting.

Sie lassen sich scheiden.

They are divorcing.

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