Verbs with the vowel change e i(e) in the present tense

Some irregular verbs change their vowel in the present tense for du (you) and er/sie/es (he/she/it). The endings are the same as for regular verbs.

essen en
ich esse
du isst
er/sie/es isst
wir essen
ihr esst
sie/Sie essen
  • e → i : essen (to eat), geben (to give), helfen (to help), sprechen (to speak)

Er isst Brot. essen, Präsens

He eats bread.

Sie gibt Anna das Formular. geben, Präsens

She gives Anna the form.

Du hilfst den Schülern. helfen, Präsens

You help the pupils.

Er spricht kein Deutsch. sprechen, Präsens

He speaks no German.

  • e → ie : lesen (to read), sehen (to see)

Er liest ein Buch von Goethe. lesen, Präsens

He is reading a book by Goethe.

Sie sieht den Fernsehturm. sehen, Präsens

She sees the television tower.

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