Demonstrative adjectives: este, ese, aquel

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Demonstrative adjectives: este, ese, aquel

Demonstrative adjectives (like 'this' and 'that') change in Spanish according to the degree of distance in space and time:

Cerca

Singular Plural
Este móvil Estos móviles
Esta casa Estas casas

Distancia media

Singular Plural
Ese árbol Esos árboles
Esa señora Esas señoras

Lejos

Singular Plural
Aquel día Aquellos días
Aquella casa Aquellas casas

The demonstrative adjective is always placed in front of the noun. It must agree with the noun in terms of gender and number.

¿Cuánto cuestan estas naranjas?

How much are these oranges?

¿Cuánto cuestan esos plátanos?

How much are those bananas?

¿Cuánto cuesta aquella bicicleta?

How much is that bike?

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