The plural

The plural is formed by adding -s, -es and -ces, depending on the ending of the term in singular. 

Vowel: -s

Mi vieja amiga → Mis viejas amigas

My old friend → My old friends

Un sofá rojo → Dos sofás rojos

A red sofa → Two red sofas

Consonant ending (except -z): -es

El señor → Los señores

The gentleman → The gentlemen

Una actividad cultural → Unas actividades culturales

A cultural activity → Some cultural activities

Words ending in -z: -ces

Alguna vez → Algunas veces

Some time → Some times

Ella es feliz → Ellas son felices

She is happy → They are happy

Note: when the last syllable of the word is stressed (with or without an accent), the rules can vary a bit. 

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