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The plural is formed by adding -s, -es and -ces, depending on the ending of the term in singular.
Vowel ending (except accented -u and -i ): -s
Mi vieja amiga Mis viejas amigas
My old friend My old friends
Un sofá rojo Dos sofás rojos
A red sofa Two red sofas
Consonant ending (except -z) and words ending in accented -u and -i : -es
El señor Los señores
The gentleman The gentlemen
Un tabú Varios tabúes
A taboo Several taboos
Ese maniquí Esos maniquíes
That mannequin Those mannequins
Words ending in -z: -ces
Alguna vez Algunas veces
Some time Some times
Ella es feliz Ellas son felices
She is happy They are happy
- If the word ends in -s and the last syllable is not accented, the plural is the same as the singular:
El análisis Los análisis
The analysis The analyses
La crisis Las crisis
The crisis The crises
- So as not to change the way a word is accented when changed to plural, we sometimes add or remove the accent mark:
El jardín Los jardines
The garden The gardens
La imagen Las imágenes
The image The images
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