The plural is formed by adding -s, -es and -ces, depending on the ending of the term in singular.
Vowel ending (except accented -u and -i ): -s
Mi vieja amiga → Mis viejas amigas
My old friend → My old friends
Un sofá rojo → Dos sofás rojos
A red sofa → Two red sofas
Consonant ending (except -z) and words ending in accented -u and -i : -es
El señor → Los señores
The gentleman → The gentlemen
Un tabú → Varios tabúes
A taboo → Several taboos
Ese maniquí → Esos maniquíes
That mannequin → Those mannequins
Words ending in -z: -ces
Alguna vez → Algunas veces
Some time → Some times
Ella es feliz → Ellas son felices
She is happy → They are happy
- If the word ends in -s and the last syllable is not accented, the plural is the same as the singular:
El análisis → Los análisis
The analysis → The analyses
La crisis → Las crisis
The crisis → The crises
- So as not to change the way a word is accented when changed to plural, we sometimes add or remove the accent mark:
El jardín → Los jardines
The garden → The gardens
La imagen → Las imágenes
The image → The images
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